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Purpose Driven Lie
A Doctrinal Critique of Rick Warren’s book ‘The Purpose Driven Life’'

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SUMMARY:  If we have no sense of responsibility for the condition of humanity at this moment, then there is only one thing to say — if we are Christians at all we are very poor ones. If we are only concerned about ourselves and our own happiness, and if the moral condition of society and the tragedy of the whole world does not grieve us, if we are not disturbed at the way in which men blaspheme the name of God and all the arrogance of sin — well, what can be said about us? *1
Some of the largest presumably evangelical churches have designed their services based upon what the ungodly want, and not on what they need. The “seeker-friendly” churches compromise the truth so as not to “offend” those they wish to attract to them. They pamper sinners with the fl attering “gospel” of self-esteem, self-love, and positive thinking—a “gospel” that is not a gospel, thus a mere philosophy devoid of all saving power. It may draw people to church, but not to Christ. The missing crucial elements in today’s corrupted gospel are the utter spiritual bankruptcy of the sinner, the fear of a holy God’s wrath against sin, and God’s demand for repentance… A.W. Tozer was so right when he said, “A god begotten in the shadows of a fallen heart will quite naturally be no true likeness of the true God … Let us beware lest we in our pride accept the erroneous notion that idolatry consists only in kneeling before visible objects of adoration, and that civilized peoples are therefore free from it. The essence of idolatry is the entertainment of thoughts about God that are unworthy of Him”. (The Knowledge of the Holy, 11) *2
THE issue of the gospel, sin and repentance is central to biblical Christianity.
But it is when this centrality is usurped for a social gospel of love, tolerance and acceptance that the church detours from the straight and narrow path to a winding multilane highway leading away from God and the salvation He offers.
The ‘gospel invitation’ made by Rick Warren in chapter 7 of The Purpose Driven Life is one such highway.
But are the defi ciencies in the presentation of the gospel in The Purpose Driven Life purely a disappointing isolated incident? Is this presentation of the gospel in The Purpose Driven Life an accurate representation of what Rick Warren believes the gospel is?
Or does he believe there is something more?
In the course of writing this series of articles, I have received correspondence by persons approving and disapproving of my evaluation. One negative response, by a minister of the Assemblies of God, USA, made the statement that he had not “ever seen a church that better challenges its people to become involved in lay ministry and evangelism than Saddleback”.
Furthermore a comparison was made between the fi rst century “Judaisers” at the church of Jerusalem and their lack of success amongst the gentiles, with Paul’s success. *3
Therefore, like Paul, Rick Warren is speaking “‘Greek’ to today’s post-moderns and pagans … [Rick Warren] has put the core of the gospel in terms that speak to a contemporary audience.”
The problem with the comparison of the Judaisers to Paul is that the Judaisers sought to bring people back under the law, thus failing to tell the truth of the gospel.
Rick Warren, like the Judaisers, fails in this regard to tell his purpose driven audience the complete gospel.*4 Paul, unlike Rick Warren, however, did not fail to do his duty when speaking to his fi rst century audience, For I will not presume to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me, resulting in the obedience of the Gentiles by word and deed, in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit; so that from Jerusalem and round about as far as Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ (Romans 15:18-19 NAU). *5
This minister relates that a close family member gave his life to the Lord at Saddleback, and affirms that “Rick Warren’s ministry was instrumental in his conversion”.
But if this is the case, then surely there must be stark differences between the gospel presented through “personal evangelism” at Saddleback, and that of The Purpose Driven Life?
I pray this is the case.
Interestingly, a review by USA Today looks at Rick Warren’s statements about Jesus, Hell and the Gospel and makes a statement that can only be interpreted as meaning that they see no difference,
Warren does draw absolute lines theologically.
It’s Jesus or hell. “Every human being is created by God, not everyone is a child of God,” he writes in [The Purpose Driven] Life.
But that line is buried in the book.
Rather than threaten sinners with fi re and brimstone, Warren says, “we believe in attraction evangelism.
We believe in loving people into the Kingdom.”… “I’ve got a target,” he says. “It’s called the globe:
The whole gospel for the whole world.” *6
To look deeper into the issue of the “Purpose Driven” gospel, we must evaluate Rick Warren’s theology.
To do this we must look at sources beyond his book, such as Rick Warren’s interview with Larry King.
Yeah, yeah. Well, you know, everybody’s heard the word “repent” and they don’t really understand what the word means.
For a lot of people, when they think of the word repentance, they think of a guy with a sandwich sign that says, “turn or burn,” or, “you’re going to die and fry.”
But actually, repent is the Greek word, metanoia (ph), which means literally “to change your mind.” And it means that when I repent, I change my mind.
First, I change my mind about God, I change my mind about myself, I change my mind about others, I change my mind about life.
And a lot of people look at repentance as a negative thing, like I’m going to have to give up this, this, and this, and this, and like it’s something terrible.
The Law of God, the commandments of Christ, are to be taken very seriously. We are not saved by keeping them, but if we’re saved we will keep them.
You know, when I repented, Larry, years ago, I basically turned from hopelessness to hope, from darkness to light, from guilt to forgiveness, from loneliness to a family of God, from purposelessness to purpose, from having no meaning in my life to having meaning. It was the most positive change in my life.
And I think that when Ashley *7 shared this idea, that you know what, even though you’ve gone through what you’ve done, and you’ve done these bad things, that no one is beyond the point of redemption.
And I do truly believe that, that even the people who are listening to this program right now, some of them say, man, I’ve done it, I’ve done too many bad things, God’s fed up with me, God wouldn’t be interested in me.
God wouldn’t pay me any attention because, you know, I missed that boat a long time ago. And I would say to those people, you’re dead wrong.
You’re just dead wrong.
There is no pit too deep that God’s love is not deeper still.
And I would say that’s true for Brian Nichols, it’s true for me, and it’s true for everybody in the whole world.
And that is what is the good news, is that it’s never too late. Never too late.
That’s it. *8
Can you love people into the kingdom by not telling them they’re sinners?
Can you love people into the kingdom by not telling them what sin is?
Can you love people into the kingdom by not telling them that God expects you to repent – not just change your mind, but to turn away from and denounce – your sins, sinful lifestyle and opinions?
Can you love people into the kingdom by not telling them that Jesus’ suffering and death was propitiatory – that He took our punishment upon Himself?
Can you love people into the kingdom by not telling them that God is absolutely Sovereign and Holy, and He will judge us all?
‘Attraction evangelism’ denies the gospel it supposedly extols.

A.W. Tozer says, …the suffering of Jesus Christ was not punitive. It was not for Himself and not for punishment of anything that He Himself had done.
The suffering of Jesus was corrective. He was willing to suffer in order that He might correct us and perfect us, so that His suffering might not begin and end in suffering, but that it might begin in suffering and end in healing.

Brethren, that is the glory of the cross!
That is the glory of the kind of sacrifi ce that was for so long in the heart of God!
That is the glory of the kind of atonement that allows a repentant sinner to come into peaceful and gracious fellowship with his God and Creator!
It began in His suffering and it ended in our healing.
It began in His wounds and ended in our purifi cation.
It began in His bruises and ended in our cleansing. What is our repentance?
I discover that repentance is mainly remorse for the share we had in the revolt that wounded Jesus Christ, our Lord. Further, I have discovered that truly repentant men never quite get over it, for repentance is not a state of mind and spirit that takes its leave as soon as God has given forgiveness and as soon as cleansing is realized.
That painful and acute conviction that accompanies repentance may well subside and a sense of peace and cleansing come, but even the holiest of justifi ed men will think back over his part in the wounding and the chastisement of the Lamb of God.
A sense of shock will still come over him.
A sense of wonder will remain – wonder that the Lamb that was wounded should turn His wounds into the cleansing and forgiveness of one who wounded Him. *9
The March 2005 edition of Ladies’ The March 2005 edition of Ladies’ Home Journal includes the article, Learn to Love Yourself, by Rick Warren.
Self-esteem still wobbly after all these years?
These fi ve simple truths will show you that you don’t need to be perfect to be priceless…
Accept yourself. Don’t chase after other people’s approval.
Too much of what we do, say, buy or wear is motivated by our deep desire to be accepted by others. God accepts us unconditionally, and in His view we are all precious and priceless.
Focus on this and you will not waste any time and effort trying to be someone you’re not…
Forgive yourself. God doesn’t expect perfection, but he does insist on honesty.
When I honestly admit my errors and ask forgiveness in faith, He doesn’t hold a grudge, doesn’t get even and doesn’t bring it up again. We should practise such a forgiving attitude with ourselves.
Believe in yourself. … Start affirming the truth about yourself! The truth is God has created you with talents, abilities, personality and background in a combination that is uniquely you.
It’s your choice. You can believe what others say about you, or you can believe in yourself, as does God, who says you are truly acceptable, lovable, valuable and capable. *10
Ladies’ Home Journal (circulation base: 4.1 million *11) is a secular U.S. women’s magazine for a secular audience.
Can, let alone should, a pastor/minister suggest to this kind of audience that admitting my errors and asking God’s forgiveness is all it takes to be right with God; that God isn’t going to hold a grudge?
That “god” considers you to be “truly acceptable, lovable, valuable and capable”?
Doesn’t the audience have to hear and accept THE gospel to BECOME “acceptable”?
Don’t they have to be changed from the inside fi rst, to be regenerate?
Surely America’s “In God We Trust” hasn’t become a substitute Gospel such that spiritual truth can be parading half-heartedly in magazines and sold in [Christian] bookstores under the deceptive guise of “Christian Living”.

Rick Warren’s third purpose You Were Created to Become Like Christ is covered in chapters (days) 22 to 28.
I have to admit that there is a great deal of truth in much of what Rick Warren says in these chapters, but all these truths do is give credibility to the false gospel he promotes.
In chapter 23, sixteen chapters after the “gospel” invitation (in chapter seven), Rick Warren mentions “repentance”, To be like Christ you must develop the mind
of Christ.
The New Testament calls this mental shift repentance, which in Greek literally means, “to change your mind.” You repent whenever you change the way you think by adopting how God thinks – about yourself, sin, God, other people, life, your future, and everything else.
You take on Christ’s outlook and perspective.*12
Is this the “mind of Christ”?
What are God’s ways and what does “God think” about sin and repentance?
Is repentance changing your mind, opinion, perspective, etc., in regard to yourself, the way you perceive God, other people, life, your future or anything else?
Is this how we are to understand biblical repentance?
Nowhere is the Greek word for repent and repentance, in the Bible — theologically/doctrinally speaking — used for these topics; and neither is the equivalent Hebrew word in the Old Testament.
Repenting means to repent in regard to SIN.
I suppose we should be glad that Rick Warren managed to throw the word “sin” in with the other items in his list, but where does Rick Warren explain the biblical concept of sin?
Rick Warren defi nes sin in terms of not giving glory to God. *13 And though Rick Warren is not incorrect in what he says, he neglects to emphasise the standard God demands of us (and for which we must repent when we fail).
The understanding of Rick Warren’s statements of failing to give God glory, and loving something more than God, is dependent upon a person’s world, religious and cultural views.
This chapter attempts to evangelise its readers — but to what end.

Again, let us consider A.W. Tozer’s and J.C. Ryle’s words, What is our repentance?
I discover that repentance is mainly remorse for the share we had in the revolt that wounded Jesus Christ, our Lord.
Further, I have discovered that truly repentant men never quite get over it, for repentance is not a state of mind and spirit that takes its leave as soon as God has given forgiveness and as soon as cleansing is realized. *14
Repentance is a thorough change of man’s natural heart upon the subject of sin. … when this heart of ours is changed by the Holy Ghost, when this natural love of sin is cast out, then takes place that change which the Word of God calls “repentance”.
The man in whom the change is wrought is said to “repent.”
He may be called, in one word, a “penitent” man> *15
Praying, “Jesus, I believe in you and I receive you” is not the gospel. It is a false gospel where God’s requirements for salvation are not met.
Changing your mind is not some cheap, banal, “I’ve changed my mind: I’ll have the apple rather than the orange.”
The change is in you – your mind is changed, your opinion is changed, your determination on what is right and wrong is changed from the perspective of our own selfrighteous motivation to the determination that what God calls right and wrong to be correct.
The determination that in and of myself I am corrupt, wretched, blind and naked — deserving only one just outcome: God’s divine wrath and punishment. I am not, essentially, a good person, and therefore should, probably, get to heaven.
I AM A SINNER, but thank God for His grace and mercy and the sending forth of His own son.
As it is written, It is a trustworthy statement, deserving full acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, among whom I am foremost of all (1 Timothy 1:15 NAU).
The Purpose Driven Commission
Rick Warren summarises chapter 38, Becoming a World-Class Christian, with:
Point to Ponder: The Great Commission is my commission.
Verse to Remember: “Send us around the world with the news of your saving power and your eternal plan for all mankind.” Psalm 67:2 (LB16) *17
This chapter reiterates scriptures’ Great Commission (Mark 16:15) and encourages people to spread the news of the gospel. But what Gospel/ gospel are they going to preach?
Where the ‘Verse to Remember,’ above, uses the Living Bible, I have to wonder how much searching Rick Warren undertook to fi nd this verse rendering, from his many referenced translations and paraphrases, to match his doctrine.
For the choir director; with stringed instruments.
A Psalm. A Song.
God be gracious to us and bless us, And cause His face to shine upon us—Selah. That Your way may be known on the earth, Your salvation among all nations. Let the peoples praise You, O God; Let all the peoples praise You. Let the nations be glad and sing for joy; For You will judge the peoples with uprightness And guide the nations on the earth. Selah. Let the peoples praise You, O God; Let all the peoples praise You. The earth has yielded its produce; God, our God, blesses us. God blesses us, That all the ends of the earth may fear Him (Psalm 67:1-7 NAU — verse 2 highlighted). The whole country will see how you work, All the godless nations see how you save (Psalm 67:2 Msg). *18
And though we may say that the exhortation of the Great Commission is a good point in this bestselling book *19; the question remains, “What Gospel are Rick Warren’s Purpose Driven Disciples going to preach?
The gospel of The Purpose Driven Life’s chapter seven?”
I should hope not! Your Life Message includes the Good News.
What is the Good News?
“The Good News shows how God makes people right with himself — that it begins and ends with faith.”xv “For God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, no longer counting people’s sins against them.
This is the wonderful message he has given us to tell others”xvi The Good News is that when we trust God’s grace to save us through what Jesus did, our sins are forgiven, we get a purpose for living, and we are promised a future home in heaven. *20 [Ref. XV — Rom 1:17 (NCV)21 Ref. XVI— 2 Cor 5:19 (NLT)22]
What did Jesus do?
Give us hope?
Give us opportunity?
Is our forgiveness automatic or conditional?
Does Jesus have to be our Lord?
Do we have to repent?
Or can we ask for forgiveness, and then go on and live our lives – our way, with our own purpose?
Oh that The Purpose Driven Life was complete and truly extolled God’s ways.
The world, and worldly Christians, think they’re ‘ok’.
And, they have the comforting words of pastor Rick Warren to support the delusion that God thinks you are “truly acceptable, lovable, valuable and capable” in an unregenerate state.
And, all you need do is follow Rick Warren’s example of admitting your “errors”:
God will accept you “as you are”, won’t He?
But no He won’t! God requires us to come to Him on His terms, not our own.
God knows “what we are”, and for this reason He sent His Son; but to be accepted by God is to accept God’s invitation on His terms and His requirements.

You meet him who rejoices in doing righteousness, Who remembers You in Your ways.
Behold, You were angry, for we sinned, We continued in them a long time; And shall we be saved?
For all of us have become like one who is unclean, And all our righteous deeds are like a fi lthy *23 garment; And all of us wither like a leaf, And our iniquities, like the wind, take us away. There is no one who calls on Your name, Who arouses himself to take hold of You; For You have hidden Your face from us And have delivered us into the power of our iniquities
(Isaiah 64:5-7 NAU).
The Purpose Driven Hostage
In March 2005, Brian Nichols, who was on trial for rape, escaped from custody at an Atlanta courthouse.
During his escape Nichols killed three people *24. Endeavouring to elude capture, Nichols cornered Ashley Smith, a single mother and recovering drug addict, as she was about to enter her apartment building.
For several hours Nichols hid in Smith’s apartment, holding her captive.
During the course of her ordeal Smith asked for permission to read a book.
With Nichols’ approval Smith retrieved the Bible and The Purpose Driven Life. Being up to chapter 33, How Real Servants Act, of Warren’s book, Smith started reading.
In the rapport that developed, Smith recounts, … after we began to talk, he said he thought that I was an angel sent from God.
And that I was his sister and he was my brother in Christ.
And that he was lost and God led him right to me to tell him that he had hurt a lot of people.
And the families — the people — to let him know how they felt, because I had gone through it myself. *25
Later, Smith’s testimony reveals the following discussion,
I said, “Do you believe in miracles?
Because if you don’t believe in miracles — you are here for a reason.
You’re here in my apartment for some reason.
You got out of that courthouse with police everywhere, and you don’t think that’s a miracle?
You don’t think you’re supposed to be sitting here right in front of me listening to me tell you, you know, your reason here?”
I said, “You know, your miracle could be that you need to -- you need to be caught for this.
You need to go to prison and you need to share the word of God with them, with all the prisoners there.” *26
Smith, who was to visit her daughter the following morning at 10am, was given permission from Nichols to leave the apartment.
Yes. Miraculous?
Once in her car, Smith phoned the police who quickly arrested Nichols.
Ashley Smith has subsequently written a book about her experience as a hostage *27, and has appeared with Rick Warren on The Oprah Winfrey Show *28 and CNN’s Larry King Live *29.
*30 In an interview posted on The Book Standard website, Smith was questioned over the role The Purpose Driven Life played during her time with Nichols.
Smith believes that the portion she read Nichols was important, but her answers seem also to say that she believes everything done throughout her ordeal was important to her survival, and her purpose in life.
TBS: Have you had any contact with Nichols since you left your apartment that morning to turn him in to the police?
The Rick Warren’s “gospel” is lukewarm, designed to appeal to our humanistic nature. It may make people aware of Jesus, but they will never meet Him.
Smith: No, I haven’t. I think that God made a divine appointment for him and me to meet that night, and for our lives to change. But I think that’s where it stays.
TBS: A lot has been made in the press31 of you reading to Brian Nichols from Rick Warren’s The Purpose-Driven Life.
But in Unlikely Angel, it seems that the conversations that you and Brian Nichols had about God, your life, and the hardships that you endured changed Nichols’s (sic) mind more than the passage that you read from Warren’s book.
So why do you think people latch onto that story so much?
Smith: It was a book that everybody was reading or knew of.
So when they heard that I’d read to him from it, that’s what they kind of latched on to.
I know that for me now, the part of The Purpose-Driven Life that I read to him was important. Because we talked and I asked him what he thought my purpose was and he told me it was to tell the world about me. And now I’m doing that. And I enjoy telling my story because I’m hoping that it will help people. *32
I don’t disparage what Ashley Smith has had to endure, be it her experience with Brian Nichols, or other diffi cult situations she has endured during her life.
But have Rick Warren and his publishers merely latched on to a marketable event, or is Purpose Driven the epitome of spiritual enlightenment, to tell us, “What on earth am I here for”? *33
The question to ask is, “What change has The Purpose Driven Life played in the life of Brian Nichols?
Is he a changed man?”
The Purpose Driven Convert
What many people may not know is that Ashley Smith’s encounter is not unique.
For example, in the early 1980s, Margaret Mayfi eld was abducted from a shopping centre by Stephen Peter Morin, a mass murderer. Paralleling Smith’s comments to Nichol, Mayfi eld told Morin,
“It’s not coincidence you’re here. God brought you to this car. You think the hell you’re going through is bad; it’s nothing compared to the hell you’re going to. Even though you have committed some horrible things, God still loves you.” *34
The story continues,
Morin forced Ms Mayfi eld to start driving, and as she drove, she continued telling him about the love of Christ and began playing evangelistic tapes.
Morin pulled off the road and began to pray. “Jesus, I am sorry for everything I have ever done.
Please save me.” Morin then picked up his pistol, opened the chamber and dumped the bullets into Ms Mayfi eld’s hands.
“I knew I was witnessing a miracle,” Ms Mayfi eld would later say.
Morin decided to go to Fort Worth to meet with evangelist Kenneth Copeland, whose tapes Ms Mayfi eld had played.
When police picked him up hours later, Morin surrendered quietly. “This morning I would have got up and shot the gun,” he told the offi cers. “But I met this lady today, and now I’m different.”
During Morin’s incarceration in Bexar County Jail, a Prison Fellowship volunteer picked up where Ms Mayfi eld left off, witnessing to Morin until he was transferred elsewhere.
Years later, as Morin was about to be executed for his crimes, his last words were: “Heavenly Father, I give thanks for . . . the time that we have been together. . . . Allow your holy spirit to fl ow as I know your love has been showered upon me. .. . Lord Jesus, I commit my soul to you, I praise you, and I thank you.” *35 Unfortunately, the survival of, and statements made by, these hostages is where the similarities end.
Where the murderer who [originally] listened to Kenneth Copeland came to put his faith in Jesus Christ *36, Brian Nichols did not seek Ashley Smith’s, or Rick Warren’s gospel and God.
Ashley Smith’s unrepentant, but self-confessed, “brother in Christ”, *37 Brian Nichols, has not only pleaded not guilty to the murder charges *38, but, as Atlanta’s WSB Radio’s website reported, has converted to Islam. *39
Another website reports, According to broadcast reports this evening, Brian Nichols, the suspect in the Fulton County Courthouse shootings in Atlanta on March 11, has had a jailhouse conversion to Islam.
Nichols, who was indicted last Thursday on 54 charges, including four counts each of murder and felony murder, has requested -- and received -- permission to talk to a local Imam.
Nichols will be allowed to pray in accordance to the tenets of Islam as well. *40
Interestingly, some comments submitted by readers of this website *41 say it all:
• I guess the Christian witnessing in the apartment didn’t stick...
• So I guess he never got through reading Purpose Driven Life
• Just having a purpose is only so transformative. Evil has it’s (sic) purpose too and is very cunning.
• Thank God...he fi nally found a religion that suits his character...
• Why am I not surprised? If it walks like a duck, talks like a duck... This just makes it offi cial.
• Oh, before he's put to death some nutty legislator will pass a law that we can't give anyone who is converted to Islam the death penalty. Just watch...
• Religion of Peace (New Convert Department)
• It's remarkable how easily violent felons make a transition to Islam, isn't it?
• How is this a conversion?

So in the end, though The Purpose Driven Life may have given aid to Ashley Smith during her ordeal, it did not succeed, however, in changing Brian Nichols’ life — it would have taken something more than what Rick Warren has published.
It would have taken the Word of God in context. But that’s the difference between the Word of God and Purpose Drivel.
I pray God sends Brian Nichols the right person to tell him the true and complete gospel; and that God would grant him the grace to see his need for salvation through Jesus Christ, and the grace to repent.
The issue of the gospel in The Purpose Driven Life cannot be understated, and should not be blithely dismissed because of public perception, the majority of church opinion, or because of “on-theground experience of seasoned Christian leaders who have seen fi rst hand what is happening” (as one piece of email correspondence suggested).
The issue at hand is not the gospel as presented through “personal evangelism”, at Saddleback or elsewhere.
The issue is the presentation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in The Purpose Driven Life.
As good, and even as true, as many of Rick Warren’s statements are in his book – all they do is give credibility to his many errors and the deceptive gospel contained in its pages. God saves, being purpose driven doesn’t.
… [T]here are certain great truths of which some knowledge, by common consent, appears essential to salvation.
Such truths are the immortality of the soul,
–the sinfulness of human nature,
–the work of Christ for us as our Redeemer,
–the work of the Holy Ghost in us,
–justifi cation,
–the marks of a right heart,
–Christ’s invitations,
–Christ’s intercession,
–and the like.
If truths like these are not absolutely necessary to salvation, it is diffi cult to understand how any truths whatever can be called necessary.
If people may be saved without knowing anything about these truths, it appears to me that we may throw away our Bibles altogether, and proclaim that the Christian religion is of no use.
From such a miserable conclusion I hope most people will shrink back with horror. … From these “paths” I see no reason to depart.
They are often sneered at and ridiculed, as old-fashioned, effete, worn out, and powerless in the Nineteenth century42. … The longer I live the more I am convinced that the world needs no new Gospel, as some profess to think.
I am thoroughly persuaded that the world needs nothing but a bold, full, unfl inching teaching of the “old paths.”
The heart of man is the same in every age.
The spiritual medicine which it requires is always the same. *43

*1 Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones (1899-1981), Joy Unspeakable, The Baptism and Gifts of the Holy Spirit, combined edition, ed. Christopher Catherwood (Eastbourne: Kingsway Publications, 1995), 16.
*2 Morgan, Aeron, “Aeron Morgan”. www page. < http:/www.>< /http:/www.>(2005, cited 9/9/05).
*3 The comparison of ‘criticism of Purpose Driven’ with being a ‘Judaiser’ (i.e. someone who wants to force believers back under the requirements of the law in the Old Testament, in order to truly become or remain “saved”) is ridiculous. The Judaisers were in error for trying to be saved, or remain saved, by keeping the law – as if they could earn their salvation. Criticism of The Purpose Driven Life is about the unbiblical teachings in the book and the presumption of evangelism through an incomplete gospel. The Judaisers may well have failed to reach the Hellenists (Greeks) of their day; but The Purpose Driven Life will only serve to force those it does reach onto an equally unbiblical path.
*4 Note: Rick Warren is not being called a Judaiser. But that he follows their error of failing to tell the complete Gospel.
*5 NAU - New American Standard, Updated 1995. The Lockman Foundation.
*6 USA Today, “This evanglist has a ‘Purpose’”. www page. < http:/ x.htm>(21 July 2003, cited 9 Sept 2005).
*7 Ashley Smith, a hostage of killer Brian Nichols. Smith read a portion of The Purpose Driven Life during her captivity.
*8 LARRY KING LIVE, “Interview with Rick Warren”. WWW Page. < http:/>(26 March 2005, cited 9 Sept 2005).
*9 A.W. Tozer (1897-1963), The Best of A.W. Tozer. Compiled by Warren W. Wiersbe (Camp Hill: Christian Publications, 1996), 2:228.
*10 Rick Warren, “Learn to Love Yourself!”, Ladies’ Home Journal (March 2005): 36.
*11 Figures as at 30 June 2002. Meredith Corporation. “Ladies’ Home Journal Fact Sheet”. www page. < http:/>(2002, cited 20 June, 2005).
*12 Rick Warren, The Purpose Driven Life (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 182. Emphasis my own.
*13 Rick Warren, The Purpose Driven Life (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 54, 55.
*14 A.W. Tozer (1897-1963), The Best of A.W. Tozer. Compiled by Warren W. Wiersbe (Camp Hill: Christian Publications, 1996), 2:228.
*15 J.C. Ryle (1816-1900), Old Paths (Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1999). 405. 406. (A highly recommended work).
*16 LB - Living Bible, Tyndale House Publishers (1979).
*17 Rick Warren, The Purpose Driven Life (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 304.
*18 Eugene H. Peterson, The Message: New Testament with Psalms and Proverbs (Colorado Springs: NavPress, 1995). The use of The Message is not to give credibility to this paraphrased work; but to show a rendering from a version which Rick Warren often uses in his book. That The Message was not utilised for Psalm 67:2 can be seen by its failure to be rendered according to Rick Warren’s purpose.
*19 “The #1 New York Times Bestseller”, Rick Warren, The Purpose Driven Life (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), front cover.
*20 Rick Warren, The Purpose Driven Life (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 294. Emphasis my own.
*21 NCV - New Century Version, Dallas: Word Bibles (1991).
*22 NLT – New Living Translation, Tyndale House Publishers (1996).
*23 “fi lthy” – from the Hebrew ‘iddah’ or ‘ayd’ (Stong’s 5708) meaning “menstrual fl ux” or “menstruation”.

*24 The three people killed were a judge, court reporter and a deputy. < http:/ php>(cited 7 Jan 2006). A fourth person, a federal agent, is also noted on Zondervan’s page for Ashley Smith’s book about her ordeal. Zondervan, “Unlikely Angel – Title Information – Book”. www page. < http:/www."0310270677">(2005, cited 7 Jan 2005).
*25 CNN (Cable News Network LP, LLLP), “Ex-hostage: ‘I wanted to gain his trust’”. www page. < http:/www.>< /http:/www.>(14 March 2005, cited 7 Jan 2005). Emphasis my own.
*26 CNN (Cable News Network LP, LLLP), “Ex-hostage: ‘I wanted to gain his trust’”. www page. < http:/www.>< /http:/www.>(14 March 2005, cited 7 Jan 2005).
*27 Unlikely Angel: The Untold Story of the Atlanta Hostage Hero, written by Ashley Smith with Stacy Mattingly (published by The Purpose Driven publishers, Zondervan) < http:/ asp?isbn="0310270677">, an imprint of Harper Collins < http:/ catalog/book_xml.asp?isbn="0310270677">.

*28 Harpo Productions, Inc., The Oprah Winfrey Show, “Held Hostage by the Accused Atlanta Spree Killer: How Ashley Smith Survived”. www page. < http:/www2.oprah. com/tows/pastshows/200509/tows_past_20050928. jhtml>(Sept 2005, cited 8 Jan 2006).
*29 CNN (Cable News Network LP, LLLP), Larry King Live, “Interview With Atlanta Courthouse Shooting Hostage Ashley Smith and Pastor Rick Warren”. WWW page. < http:/>(5 October 2005, cited 7 Jan 2006).
*30 The Zondervan website also notes that Smith has undertaken a “national tour” and has appeared on “The View, Good Morning America …, 20/20, Oprah, CBS’s The Early Show, CNN’s American Morning, and FOXNews’s Hannity & Colmes”. Furthermore, Zondervan states that Smith’s book is currently on The New York Times Non-fi ction Bestseller List. Source of Quote: Zondervan, Default/Home WWW page. < http:/www.>(Jan 2006, cited 8 Jan 2006).
*31 The Book Standard (TBS) website includes an article dealing with the media uptake of Ashley Smith’s hostage ordeal. It begins, “After a turn of events that appears to be nothing short of divine intervention, pastor-cumbestselling- author Rick Warren recently received the kind of publicity any other author could only pray for. After Warren’s bestselling The Purpose-Driven Life (Zondervan)—which is still in hardback after premiering in October 2002 and has, according to Nielsen BookScan, sold 3.7 million copies to date—fi gured prominently in the dramatic release of a hostage on March 12 in Atlanta, the author’s sales have seen a dramatic spike…”. TBS’ assertions of, shall we say, Purpose Drive Marketing seem to be self-evident to some, but obscure to others. Source of Quote: Rachel Deahl, “What Would Jesus Do? Help Sell Books, Of Course”. www page. < http:/>(16 Mar 2005, cited 8 Jan 2006).
*32 Anna Weinberg, “Ashley Smith’s Secrets Revealed: A Q&A with the Former ‘Purpose-Driven’ Hostage”. www page. < http:/ id="1001181281">(26 Sept 2005, cited 8 Jan 2006).
*33 “What on Earth I am I here for?” is the subtitle to The Purpose Driven Life.
*34 Charles W. Colson, “Fear Not: The lesson of Brian Nichols’s last hostage”. www page. < http:/www."110006440">(18 March 2005, cited 8 Jan 2006).

*35 Kenneth Copeland recounts the same incident on some of his tapes. Quote Source: Charles W. Colson, “Fear Not: The lesson of Brian Nichols’s last hostage”. www page. < http:/>(18 March 2005, cited 8 Jan 2006).
*36 This is not to suggest that Morin responded to a Word- Faith gospel. More than one person spoke to Morin about the Word of God, as such God could have used any (and possibly all) of them to tell Morin the complete Gospel.
*37 CNN (Cable News Network LP, LLLP), “Ex-hostage: ‘I wanted to gain his trust’”. www page. < http:/www.>< /http:/www.>(14 March 2005, cited 7 Jan 2005).
*38 MSNBC, Hardball with Chris Matthews, “‘Hardball with Chris Matthews’ for May 17 [2005]”. www page. < http:/>< /http:/>(18 May 2005, cited 8 Jan 2005).
*39 WSB Radio Atlanta, “Courthouse Shooting: Prosecutors to Seek Death Penalty”. www page. < http:/wsbradio. com/news/051005briannichols3a.html>, (5 Oct 2005, cited 7 Jan 2006).
*40 M.H. King, “Atlanta courthouse shooting suspect Nichols converts to Islam”. www page. < http:/>(9 May 2005, cited 7 Jan 2006).
*41 Numerous contributors, “Atlanta courthouse shooting suspect Nichols converts to Islam”. www/blog page. < http:/>, (posts dated 5 Sept 2005, accessed 8 January 2006).
*42 Ryle fi rst published Old Paths in 1878. The source of this volume is numerous tracts and papers that Ryle wrote over thirty years.
*43 J.C. Ryle (1816-1900), Old Paths (Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1999). vi, vii.

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